Bharatiya Sports Penetrate in Schools under National Education Policy 2020

Gilli danda typically an indigenous was launched by Amit Shah, Union Home Minister on Friday, 29th July 2022 on the eve of the second anniversary of the implementation of the NEP 2020.
By Edunews Team


During the occasion, a series of initiatives in education and skills development could take entry into the sector. One of them is the introduction of 75 Bharatiya Games in schools including Gilli danda kabbadi   posham pa, Raja Mantri chor sipahi, and kanche.   

The list of Bharatiya games compiled with the help of experts also includes langdi (hopscotch), javelin throw, patang  uddayan (kite-flying),  seeta uddhar  (prisoner’s base),  mardani khel (a form of martial arts) and  vish amrit .  Santhal katti, a version of gilli danda played by Odisha’s Santhal tribe, is also part of the list. In fact, a version of gilli danda included is exclusively played by Odisha`s Santhal tribe to which India`s President Droupadi Murmu belongs.  Gilli danda is more than 5,000 years old.  As stated in a verse Krishna, Arjun and Bhima are playing gilli danda in Mahabharata. Yubi lakpi is a game played in Manipur using a coconut. It has similarities to rugby.  All these are under the Education Ministry`s initiative titled Indian Knowledge Systems. 

Most of the games are less resource intensive and encourage creativity, camaraderie, and connection with the culture.  For example, ‘vish amrit’ is based on winning positivity over darkness. In this game, players of one team run after players of another team and give them ‘vish’ (poison). As soon as ‘vish’ is given, the person stays there until teammates come to give him/her ‘amrit’ (antidote). No game nowadays has such a concept of supporting the teammates, precisely it is team building. The importance of Indian games is based on life lessons and moral values.  These games from different states will be incorporated into schools.

The idea is not only to promote Indian games in schools but also to make sports more inclusive at the school level.  It is obvious that the schools in rural areas don’t have the infrastructure for popular school games like basketball, cricket, or badminton.  The introduction of Bharatiya games would encourage children to prove their mettle through participation.

Mr. Shah also launched initiatives such as the establishment of the Indian Knowledge Systems-MIC program for technology demonstration, the Kalashala initiative in 750 schools to promote and support local arts, partnership with Indira Gandhi Open University to provide upward mobility to students and help them attain higher education and more livelihood opportunities- opportunity to join the three-year degree programme.

Each month, a seasonally appropriate Indian game will be introduced in schools through physical training (PT) teachers. The PT teachers will upload pictures and short videos of the games, and the best performing schools, and PT teachers will be recognized with certificates.

A list of 75 indigenized Bharatiya Sports, at last, is recognized by the government and all these penetrate into the schools in the country as a whole. 70% of the students from the rural area get exposed to indigenous games, thereby they will be introduced to life lessons and moral values.