Technical and Medical Courses in Local Languages under NEP 2020

Mr.Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India categorically expressed that the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 gave special importance to promoting Indian languages.
By Edunews Team

04-08-2022

Prime Minister said all the official 23 languages as quoted in the Indian constitution would be given importance in teaching-learning under NEP. As a result, technical and medical courses can also be taught in local languages from which Youngsters in the country as a whole including Tamil Nadu will get benefit.  The central government has been saying that the National Education Policy of 1986, the Macaulay model had to nurture colonialism; therefore it failed to bring in the transformation in the country. Soon after the notification made on the National Education Policy 2020, all the BJP-ruled states including Karnataka demonstrated commitment to implementing the policy in their states. Whereas the non-BJP ruled states have registered raised various issues and expressed reluctance to implement the policy by quoting that the state is part of the federal structure.

Technical and medical courses should be taught not in local languages, but in English for the reasons best known. Local language especially in technical and medical courses will become a major hindrance in the internationalization and trans-nationalization of higher education.  The internationalization of higher education is one of the key parameters of development. There are several components to determine competitiveness and performance in higher education and international academic mobility. The components include progression for higher education, recruitment of international students, development of campuses for international branches, staff and scholars exchange programs, internationalization of the curriculum, research and education partnerships between institutions at the regional and international levels, students` exchange programs, and partnerships are some of the aspects that can play a significant role in this process. 

Around 18 lakhs of students are studying in overseas countries which may further shoot up significantly in the coming years. Students from India evince an interest to pursue education in foreign countries due to quality education. A big chunk of students aspires to get better placement in overseas counties with an excellent package on work permit.  At a time when government-run schools in rural areas are teaching in the English medium; education especially the technical and medical courses to be taught in local languages loses relevance. Edunews advises the government not to venture into certain courses to be taught in local languages. In Karnataka, some engineering colleges have come forward to offer technical courses in Kannada medium at the behest of the higher education department. In response, there was a Luke warm response. The student from rural backgrounds also could not muster in Kannada medium; therefore teaching technical and medical courses in the local language has taken a back seat. The channel, therefore, suggests that government has to nurture local languages up to a level, but not beyond. No effort should be made by the government to step into localization as the country embraced globalization. 

Higher education is a part of the General Agreement and Trade in Services of the WTO. The first phase of globalization was from 1992- 2012 and the second phase is from 2012 – 2032. We have already crossed the globalization; internationalization of higher education. Let us not create confusion in the minds of youngsters by stating that NEP will pave the way for technical, medical, Paramedical, design, and other related courses to be taught in the local language.